Interest groups, nongovernmental organizations NGOsreligious groups, and labour unions trade unions cultivate the formation and spread of public opinion on issues of concern to their constituencies. These groups may be concerned with political, economic, or ideological issues, and most work through the… Definition As defined above, an interest group is usually a formally organized association that seeks to influence public policy. One problem with such a narrow definition is that many formally organized entities are not private.
Interest groups are variously defined. Traditionally, both textbooks and scholarly studies have used a definition like this one: Berry, The Interest Group Society.
Scott, Foresman,p. In practice, much scholarship takes a looser view on what counts as an interest group. This is for several reasons. First, many interest groups e. Second, many membership groups have members that do not share goals.
For example, it is hard to argue that the tens of millions of members of the AARP—the Washington, DC, lobbying behemoth—share political goals. Rather, it appears that many join simply to get the variety of benefits the group offers.
Finally, many groups do not try to affect public policy at all, but rather try to affect government procurement decisions i. In this broader usage the working definition would be something like: This very broad definition is expansive enough to include the numerous types of organizations that interface with government in the United States.
These types of organizations include business firms, charities, churches, citizen groups a. It is important to note that interest groups are active at all three levels of American government—state, local, and federal. While this is undoubtedly the case, the research and scholarship on interest groups is heavily Washington-centric.
Thus, this article lists more studies here concerning Washington interest group politics than either state or local interest group politics.
Nonetheless, groups are active everywhere in the United States, and thus this article tries to include studies of subnational interest groups as well. General Overviews While interest groups invariably are covered in introductory American government texts, there are not very many dedicated works that review the field.
This section has identified several works in particular that are the proverbial exceptions that prove the rule. Unfortunately, most mentioned here are a bit dated. Nonetheless, they are quite useful for the budding interest group scholar.
Baumgartner and Leech provides an authoritative overview of the study of American interest groups. By contrast, Browne offers a case for why interest groups are important and valuable actors in American democracy.
Cigler is a nice and accessible introduction to the study of US interest groups. Hrebenar and Thomas is an edited volume that will prove useful for the reader who wishes to know the current state of the literature on interest groups in American politics.
Maisel and Berry contains several chapters encompassing the state of the art in US interest group research. Hrebenar and Thomas is a classic on groups in the US states. All works mentioned here say much more about the study of interest groups in the United States than about interest groups themselves.
For a basic overview of the roles and activities of interest groups in American politics, it is best to start with the works discussed in the section Textbooks.
Princeton University Press, Provides an excellent analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of various research studies, and highlights important lacunae in the research on interest groups.
Contains an invaluable bibliography for the interest group student or scholar. Georgetown University Press, From here, mounts a spirited defense of interest groups and the work they do. A Subfield in Search of an Identity. Looking to the Future. Edited by William Crotty, 9— Northwestern University Press, Contains an expansive overview of studies of interest groups.
Is especially useful for its description of the various topics that interest group scholars study and its delineation of how the field of interest group studies is organized.If we continue our example of you and a friend, the methods of achieving goals similar to what interest groups and political parties do would be if .
Nov 27, · Fundamental goals for interest groups and political parties? i know they both have their own fundamental goals but i dont know what they are. and how do interest groups support the fundamental goal of political partiesin the political process? Follow. 3 answers 3. Report Abuse Status: Resolved.
Interest groups and political parties on funding and support from interest groups, and in return, the legislation focuses on the issues in which supporting interest groups specialize.
Unlike interest groups, the main goal of political. This article considers interest groups in American politics. Interest groups are variously defined. Traditionally, both textbooks and scholarly studies have used a definition like this one: “An interest group is an organized body of individuals who share some goals and who try to influence public policy” (Jeffrey M.
Berry, The Interest. An interest group, or a collection of people with the shared goal of influencing public policy, are different from political parties in that they do not run their own candidates for office, and they typically seek more specific policy goals than parties.
The term interest rather than interest group is often used to denote broad or less-formalized political constituencies, such as the agricultural interest and the environmental interest—segments of society that may include many formal interest groups.