Not all literary devices will be used within one work. The characters in an allegory often represent abstract concepts, such as faith, innocence, or evil. Allusions enrich a story by suggesting similarities to comparable circumstances in another time or place; complex ideas are brought to the readers' minds simply and easily.
To this end, the poem addresses the question of human nature and the potential for happiness in relation to the universe, social and political hierarchies, and the individual. Articulating the values of eighteenth-century optimism, the poem employs a majestic declamatory style and underscores its arguments with a range of conventional rhetorical techniques.
An Essay on Man met with international acclaim upon publication and generated no small share of controversy in ensuing decades. Nearly three hundred years after its publication, the poem generally merits distinction as, in David B.
John, Viscount Bolingbroke, who served briefly as secretary of state and prime minister under Queen Anne. Each of the remaining epistles draws upon this premise, describing potential improvements to some aspect of human nature and society with the implicit understanding that the universe is divinely ordered and essentially perfect.
The third epistle addresses the role of the individual in society, tracing the origins of such civilizing institutions as government and the class system to a constant interaction between the selfish motivations and altruistic impulses of individual humans.
The fourth epistle frames the struggle between self-love and love of others in terms of the pursuit of happiness, arguing that any human can attain true happiness through virtuous living, which happens only when selfish instincts yield to genuine expressions of benevolence toward others and God.
Major Themes Throughout the epistles of An Essay on Man Pope surveys such grand themes as the existence of a Supreme Being and the behavior of humans, the workings of the universe and the role of humans in it, and the capacity of government to establish and promote the happiness of its citizens.
Implicitly assuming such Christian notions as fallen man, lost paradise, and a beneficent deity, the poem presents an eclectic assortment of both traditional and current philosophical ideas that attempt to explain the universal characteristics of humankind.
The poem borrows ideas from a range of medieval and renaissance thinkers, although Pope somewhat modifies them to suit his artistic purposes. The underlying theme of the poem is the idea that there exists an ordered universe which possesses a coherent structure and functions in a rational fashion, according to natural laws designed by God.
The description of its structure derives from the metaphysical doctrine of the Great Chain of Being, which explains the fullness and unity of the natural world in terms of a hierarchy that ranges from plants and insects at one end to humans and angels at the other.
As a creation of God, the universe ultimately is a perfect design that appears imperfect to humans because the ability to perceive its order correctly is diminished by pride and intellectual limitations. Pope expresses many of his main ideas regarding human nature in language so indelible and pithy that some phrases from the poem have become commonplace in the English language.
Critical Reception Upon publication, An Essay on Man made Pope the toast of literati everywhere, including his inveterate foes in London, whom he deceived into celebrating the poem, since he had published it anonymously. These critics determined that its values, despite its themes, were essentially poetic and not coherently philosophical by any means.
Widely neglected and relegated to the dustbin of literary history, An Essay on Man has been often perceived as an historical curiosity disconnected from contemporary concerns, literary and otherwise.LITERARY ELEMENTS: the basic items that make up a work of literature: LITERARY DEVICES: literary techniques and methods employed to help the author get his or her point across.
Here is a HUGE list of ONOMATOPOEIC words used in complete sentences. You'll love these original onomatopoeia examples.
We have worksheets too. A novella is a text of written, fictional, narrative prose normally longer than a short story but shorter than a novel, somewhere between 17, and 40, words.. The English word "novella " derives from the Italian novella, feminine of novello, which means "new".The novella is a common literary genre in several European languages.
Poetic Devices Essay. A symbolic narrative in which the surface details imply a secondary meaning. Allegorically takes the form of a story in which the characters represent moral qualities. Significance of Discourse in Literature.
Discourse of any type is one of the most important elements of human behavior and formation. Countless studies have been done on the way the brain shapes thoughts into words and, indeed, the way that communication shapes the brain.
eg. “Romantic Ireland’s dead and gone /It’s with O’Leary in the grave.” The poet repeats the most important point over and over. The line remains lodged in our brains long after we have finished reading (like the chorus of a song).